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The Chicago O’Hare International Airport has created a movement that not only benefits the bee population, but local criminals that some believe deserve another chance.
The O’Hare International Airport has had ample space without purpose until the community recently teamed up with the Department of Aviation.
The decision? On-site bee hives!
The new project allows bees to produce and thrive in a protected environment. In addition, local criminals are given the opportunity to learn to work with the extraordinary creatures and help in creating various wax-based items such as lotions, candles and honey. These products may eventually be sold in the airport shops. There are currently 23 beehives at the airport, which are expected to produce 575 pounds of honey this year…what a creative way to connect the community with nature!
Here at JP McHale we hear of bee keepers quite often throughout the summer, especially this year with the great number of swarms in our region. This story of one specific bee keeper blew us away!
A 9 year old boy from England has been fascinated for quite some time by his father’s bee keeping hobby. Weary of the idea some time back, the boy’s father constructed a glass-encased bee colony within their home for his son to marvel at…a display that would assure no harm to the boy.
At 9 years of age, the boy’s father is now comfortable enough to let his son dress head to toe in a full bee keeper outfit, and take care of a bee colony of his own right in their back yard. This young boy has high expectations for his bees and their honey, and his own colony seems to be going strong so far!
Click here to watch the video of this special bee keeper’s new found hobby.
Community members in Wildomar, California fear persistent bee swarms that reside in a back yard will eventually be taking a human life. The swarms have already attacked two pet dogs, leaving one dead. A mother and son have neighbors whose yard provides residence for the swarms. They have had no luck convincing their neighbors to have the bees removed.
The town claims to have no authority in removing the swarms unless the homeowners approach them, being the swarm is on private property. Regardless of monetary restrictions, the bees have become a health hazard, killing one known household pet and forcing allergic community members to revolve their schedule around that of the bees.
USA Today reported on the unfortunate differences for people who encounter stinging insects that are allergic, versus those who aren’t. The pain of a wasp or other stinging insect bite may linger, but not all people are fortunate enough to walk away from the incident alive.
Eliminating the possibility of running into stinging insects, and considering allergy shots are the top two preventative measures the article suggests.
Research suggests that allergy shots work the way a vaccine does, and that the increased immunity to the allergen will decrease the patients’ likelihood of severe allergic reactions when coming in contact with the stinging insects.
Avoiding stinging insects altogether is not always feasible, especially if you enjoy being outdoors. However, knowing your surroundings and detecting any major infestations of stinging insects in your yard may help decrease your likelihood of encountering these [occasionally] dangerous pests.
Over a half million people are rushed to the hospital each year for stinging insect bites, and around 50 of those people will die.
Please take proper precautions against stinging insects, and give us a call if you suspect any unwanted activity!
I still remember the first time I saw the 1950’s movie about nuclear-mutated ants threatening to take over the world. I was quite young and impressionable, and I’ll admit the movie was a little scary. Think about it, GIANT ANTS! A hard, bulletproof exoskeleton, the ability to carry many times their own weight, and huge mandibles that could squish little humans! Yikes.
Well thank goodness we don’t have to worry about giant nuclear ants. Instead, we are faced with countless miniature ants that infest our homes and structures (some tradeoff!). Judge them not by their size, ants are considered to be the most successful of all insect groups with approximately 12,000 species worldwide. They occur in all terrestrial habitats around the world and outnumber many animal species. They are closely related to bees and wasps, sharing both physical characteristics and social organization with these groups. That is, ants exist in eusocial (truly social) societies that provide cooperative care for young, maintain a reproductive division of labor and have overlapping generations.
A common ant example in the minds of many homeowners is the carpenter ant. A black or otherwise dark bodied species, carpenter ant workers vary in size from about 1/4 to 3/4 inch (3.5 to 13 mm) in length. Like all insects, they have three body parts and six legs. They have a diverse diet, feeding on many kinds of plant and animal foods that are either living or dead. During the hot summer months (right about now!) they tend to forage for food at night, making their presence unknown to unsuspecting homeowners.
Carpenter ants nest in a number of different locations: stumps, hollow logs, telephone poles, fence posts and structural wood. Indoors they might target windowsills, doors, roofs, porch columns, or other hollow structures such as pipes. Nests in a home could be a satellite colony, a smaller collection of ants that do not have an actively reproducing queen and are instead a break from the larger parent colony.
Contrary to popular belief, carpenter ants (and carpenter bees for that matter) do not actually eat wood, but use it strictly for nesting. In order to feed and derive nutrition from wood, insects such as termites require a symbiotic relationship with microorganisms to digest cellulose. Not having this mutualism prevents ants from eating wood, but not from destroying it! In fact, ants can be a little picky when it comes to the wood they infest. They specifically target moist wood that is partially decayed and easy to chew through with their mighty mandibles. This means that carpenter ants are a product or indicator of a structural problem (water damage), and not necessarily the initial cause of the damage. The first thing to do when you suspect a carpenter ant infestation is to identify sources or moisture: clogged gutters, roof leaks, cracked pipes, etc.
As a kid (before the trauma of Them!), I enjoyed watching ants follow their strictly defined paths. Although carpenter ants sometimes diverge from this behavior and forage randomly, somehow they always find their way home and use pheromones, chemical communication signals, to navigate. When they arrive home, they kindly share the bounty of their harvest with others in the community via a process known as trophallaxis. It’s a fun word, say it out loud: Tro-pha-laxis. This term describes the exchange of nourishment between two insects, and in ants occurs mouth to mouth (indeed there are other ways this happens in the insect world…). This behavior has been targeted by scientists, successfully reducing the amount of product necessary to control damaging ant species. Regardless of whether baits (sugary or salty depending on the time of year) or sprays (with particles ingested during insect grooming) are used, our products make their way into the ant digestive system. Back at the nest, these products are spread throughout the colony via trophallaxis, eventually killing not just workers, but the larvae and queen. Control of the entire colony is therefore possible by strategic placement of baits, eliminating the need for wholesale spraying of large areas to wipe out a nest.
According to the NY Post, a swarm of 5,000 honey bees was spotted in a ginkgo tree on 57th street near 5th avenue. Luckily the NYPD bee expert was on hand to scoop up the majority of the swarm. The remaining bees were vacuumed up and relocated to prevent any injuries to NYC citizens.
As mentioned in our Honey Bee article, attacks on pedestrians by the bees would not have happened unless intentionally provoked, or if the bees felt their hive was in danger. The proximity of the swarm to the hive was not a great distance, thus leaving room for the bees to sense potential threats from pedestrians. If you notice a swarm, speak up! Don’t leave yourself or others in harm’s way by not contacting someone to take care of the problem.
The Honey Bee, although frightening for some, holds tremendous significance in terms of the economy. Honey Bees are accountable for close to one third of the agricultural crops harvested world-wide!
This buzzing bee has been deemed the number one pollinator of crops, thus making disappearance of this specie detrimental for our economy. Prices within the food industry would be unfathomable with the decline in the Honey Bee population. We have them to thank for keeping prices at a manageable rate!
Threats to the Specie:
The decline in the Honey Bee population is referred to as CCD: Colony Collapse Disorder. There are various explanations as to why the CCD is occurring. Parasites, water pollution, urbanization, disease, mites, and pesticides are all possibilities when figuring out causes for the collapse of this valuable specie.
Bee Keepers are responsible for maintaining the health of their bees and ridding the area of harmful mites, parasites, disease and water pollution. The keepers are also very careful of the vicinity in which they use pesticides, making sure not to affect their precious bees. Urbanization decreases the amount of pollination that can be performed by the bees, but residential areas with gardens and thick forests help in continuation of honey production.
A Positive Note:
Rest assured, the honey bee will not sting unless intentionally provoked, or bothered while they are protecting their hive from unwanted guests. These bees are a precious resource for us as a society, and we value all that they do!
Alas, spring is here! After a long, cold winter followed by March and April rains, the world is turning green and flowers are blooming. Birds are singing and, oh yes, the bees (and our phones) are buzzing. For homeowners, spring is an epic battle against invading hoards of insects – armed and ready to take up residence in our homes. Lingering problems with carpet beetles and clothes moths become evident, while termites and ants swarm in huge numbers. Meanwhile, as the weather warms up outside, carpenter bees emerge from their overwintering sites and make ready for a new year.
Male Carpenter Bee; Photo Credit: Marvin Smith
The eastern carpenter bee is a robust insect measuring up to one inch in length. In coloration and size they resemble bumble bees, but have a shiny black abdomen with few yellow hairs. Carpenter bees drink nectar and are considered important pollinators of open-faced flowers. Males are aggressive toward approaching objects – including humans – and are distinguished from females by a yellow patch on their face. Unlike females, the male carpenter bee is incapable of stinging. Therefore, problems with carpenter bees are most often associated with their propensity to form nests in structural or decorative softwood around homes.
Picture Credit: FloridaBugs.cm
Female carpenter bees bore a perfectly round hole into wooden shakes, eves, porch ceilings, window sills, beams, rafters, fences doors, and lawn furniture. After excavating a depth equal to her body length, she will make a 90 degree turn and continue boring with the grain of the wood. The resulting gallery is on average four to six inches in length. Using wood shavings and oral secretions, a mated female will partition individual cells in the gallery and place an egg provisioned with a pollen/nectar pellet inside. In the summer, a new generation of bees will emerge, feed, and then overwinter in their birth nest. At no time do carpenter bees eat wood; they simply excavate tunnels for nest construction.
Because the eastern carpenter bee is faithful to its birth nest, this can result in significant damage when bees return to the same site year after year. Bees will either extend the length of current galleries, or create new ones in the same piece of wood or structure. Complex galleries can extend up to ten feet in length, and reduce the structural integrity of wood. In some cases, woodpeckers will attack infested wood to feed on the larvae. This compounds the damage imposed by bees and often requires replacement of the building material.
What can you do? Exposed bare wood, particularly in sunny areas, is susceptible to carpenter bee attack. Staining and painting will make wood less attractive to carpenter bees. If a piece of wood is continually attacked, consider installing screening or flashing on the wood, and then painting. Homeowners can also place a highly acceptable piece of bare wood somewhere on the property to attract bees and keep them away from more valuable pieces. Ideally, this wood should be placed in a sunny spot with the grain of the wood parallel to the ground.
What can we do? As certified applicators, we use low-risk products with long residual to eliminate existing bees and prevent new adults from emerging. We make recommendations about how and when to plug up holes to prevent future infestations. In collaboration with our EnviroCare division, we can preclude infestations using exclusionary tactics. Our knowledge of bee biology and behavior allows for the strategic placement of flashing to inhibit female nesting. Contact us today if you have or suspect carpenter bees!